Frederick Cool


Frederick Cool (b. about 1770 in NJ - d. November 11, 1841 in Washington County, PA) was a farmer in western Pennsylvania.


His links with Gilbert Cool

Some researchers have presumed that Frederick Cool (b. ca. 1770) and Gilbert Cool (b. ca. 1798) were related. The following are some of the links between the two men:

1) Obviously, they shared the surname, Cool.

2) Both are first found in Hanover Township, Washington County, PA.

3) Frederick is age-compatible with Gilbert's father or uncle.

4) According to Frederick's will, Gilbert sold him some land.

5) Both men named a son, William, and another, John; one had a daughter, Alsy, the other, a daughter, Alice.

6) Frederick's son was named William Joy Cool (abt. 1815 - after 1880). Gilbert's son, William (1830-1870), died before the birth of his youngest son, who was named William J. Cool (1870-1892). Although the middle name of William (1830-1870) is unknown, it is clear that the son born after his untimely death was named after him, which suggests that the middle initial of William (1830-1870) was also J.

7) The conjecture that William (1830-1870) had a middle initial "J" is supported by the fact that two William J. Cools attended Florence (Cross Roads) Presbyterian Church (Originally King's Creek), Washington County, PA.

8) Both Gilbert and Frederick had a grandson with the distinctive name, Romulus. William Joy Cool had a son, Romulus B. Cool (b. Abt. 1838 - d. after 1880). It is unknown which of Gilbert's children was the parent of his grandson, Romulus Cool (b. Abt. 1852 - d. June 1885), but his daughters, Alice and Verlinda, are the best candidates, because they resided with Gilbert at the same time that Romulus did.


His ancestry

Frederick's ancestors are unknown. It's possible that his mother was Sarah Cool. According to Rev. Joseph H. Bausman's, "History of Beaver county," 1904, the first members of Frankfort Springs Presbyterian Church included Sarah Cool. According to his census data, Frederick Cool was born about the year 1770. In his days, the censuses did not record the place of birth. The only evidence we have of his place of birth comes from the 1880 census of his son, William Joy Cool, who was counted in Canton Township, Stark County, OH, and indicated that his father was born in New Jersey.

One of Frederick Cool's descendants, Ann Johnson, is one of the leading researchers of this line. She believes Frederick Cool (1770-1841) may be descended from the Dutch Cools of New York. The following is excerpted from, "The Barent Jacobsen Cool Family" by Richard H. Benson, Boston, MA 2001.

"Johannas Cool was probably the son of Leendert Cool and Annetje Decker baptised 19 May 1717 at Kingston, NY. Johannas married Anna Catharine Vosbender by 1743. They lived at Montgomery, NY which is in the northern part of Orange County. He may have been the Johannis Cool who served in the foot company of militia of the Pals (New Paltz) commanded by Captain Zacharis Hoffman in 1738, together with "Corns" Cool, probably his brother. By 1759 Johannes and Catharine had moved further south to Paramus, NJ. They were living there on 28 June 1774, when they sponsored the baptism of their granddaughter, Catrina, daughter of Jacob T.Coel and Geertrui. No probate record has been found for Johannes. Children of Johannes Cool and Catharine Vosbender . . . [include]

Frederick Cool, baptized 9 Aug 1750 at Montgomery, sponsors Frederick Buckstaber and Elsje Schmit.

. . . [and] . . .

Rachel Cool, bap. 31 Jan 1759 at Paramus, NJ."

Ann believes that Frederick Cool (b. 1750 in NY) may be the father of Frederick Cool (b. 1770 in NJ).

It is also possible that Frederick Cool is descended from the German Cools (Kuhls) of New Jersey.

His life

The very first appearance of Frederick Cool in the public record was in 1799, when he placed a notice in the Pittsburgh Gazette, offering a $4 award for two lost horses. He indicates that he resides within 1.5 miles of White's Mill on Racoon Creek, which other sources indicate was a landmark where the current county lines of Beaver, Washington and Allegheny meet.

Frederick Cool next appears in the 1800 census, in Hanover Township, Washington County, PA. He is counted with one male 0-10, 1 male 16-25, two males 26-45, two females 0-10, one female 26-45. The second male 26-45 is unknown; it is possible that he is a brother of Frederick.

In the next census in 1810, in Donegal Township, about 30 miles south of Hanover, in Washington County, a Philip Cool appears, with one male 0-10, one male 26-45, four females 0-10, and one female 26-45. In the 1830 census, Washington County, Donegal Township, Philip Cool is counted with one male 50-60, two females under 5, two females 5-10, one female 10-15, two females 15-20, and one female 40-50. These indicate a birth year for Philip between 1770 and 1780. So it is possible that Philip was a brother of Frederick.

The 1810 census finds Frederick still in Hanover Township, counted with two males 16-26, one male 26-45, four females 0-10, two females 10-16, one female 26-45. Interestingly, Frederick is counted just fifteen households before Augustine Moore, my gggg-grandfather, and Gilbert Cool's father-in-law. Since the census taker used order of visitation, and not alphabetical order, we find that Frederick Cool and Augustine Moore were close neighbors. Gilbert was about 12 in 1810, so this census report does not support him being a member of Frederick's household. Unfortunately, we don't know the birth dates for two of Frederick's sons, John Cool and Peter Cool, so the identify of the two males aged 16-26 remains a mystery.

The 1820, 1830, and 1840 censuses find Frederick still in Hanover Township. The 1820 census counts three boys under 10, which indicate that either John or Peter was born after 1810.

His wife

Mary Cool (b. abt. 1779 - d. May 14, 1853 in PA) was Frederick's wife. In the 1850 census, she is noted as being born in New Jersey. However, her death record says she was born in Saint Clair Township, Allegheny County, PA, and her parents were Peter Cool and Alice Cool. It's likely that she was born in New Jersey, and at the age of 70, reliably told the census taker so, but after her death, her children reported St. Clair as her place of birth. Since there is ample evidence of a Peter Cool of St. Clair, we can credit that her parents were Peter Cool and Alice Cool, and that she spent her childhood in St. Clair.

That Frederick Cool married a woman with the same surname is interesting. It is probable that she was a first or second cousin, but it is also possible that they were entirely unrelated.

In any case, Mary and Frederick had nine children, John, Matilda, Nancy, Peter, Polly, Alsy, Elizabeth, William Joy and Abner.


Frederick Cool died on February 16, 1841. Mary survived him by 12 years. Both were buried in Frankfort Springs Presbyterian Church Cemetery. Another researcher rescued his marker from overgrown grass and took this photograph in 2002. It reads, "Frederick Cool, Died Feb. 16, 1841 in the 72nd Year of his age."



Additional information about Frederick Cool and his descendants can be found in these notes.


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